Reed Myth Busters

Jim Snyder

I just got this new student who’d been playing for four years before he came to me for lessons. Our time together so far has been spent undoing all the bad advice he’d been given—stuff that’s made it impossible for him to produce a focused and resonant sound with clean articulation.

The mouthpiece/reed combination his teachers told him to use was just wrongfor him. Here’s why.

Myth #1: The better you get as a performer, the harder the reed you should play.
Really? I’ve been a clarinetter for 53 years this year, and I’ve worked my way down to a #2. I hear that Benny Goodman played a #1-1/2. Pete Fountain played a #3.

It depends on several factors:

  • The mouthpiece (they’re all different even if they’re branded the same)
  • The embouchure/physical structure of the player
  • The cut of the reed (for example, Vandoren makes eight different cuts, and Rico/D’Addario lists more than 10 different cuts—and there are at least 11 additional cane reed makers and four synthetic reed companies—with their own versions)
  • The desired tone quality
  • The desired level of resistance

Myth #2: You must use (brand name here) reeds because they are the best!
Not! I’m using a mouthpiece made by one major reed manufacturer with reeds made by another. Trial and error led me to find this combination. It should lead you too.

My new student and I visited a local shop and tried many mouthpieces using three different cuts of reeds. We found a great combination for him that is substantially different from what he was using. Now he’s actually having fun! No more airy sound! Or spastic scales! And most importantly, he’s no longer turning purple trying to blow into the instrument.

About author

Jim Snyder

Jim Snyder is a clarinetist from Orlando, Fla. Though primarily known as a jazz musician, his extensive career has put him in every musical place you’d expect to hear a clarinet—and in some you wouldn’t! Jim played for many years in New Orleans with trumpet virtuoso Al Hirt and is currently a staff musician at Walt Disney World. A Yamaha Performing Artist, he travels the United States as a soloist and clinician. Visit his website at

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Woodwind playing tips from musician Jim Snyder. From Halftime Magazine, a print publication and online community about the marching arts.